Monday, June 27, 2005

 

Asset Management - ความหมาย


พอดีกำลังเขียน Proposal ต้องการค้นหาความหมายของคำว่า Asset Management ก็เข้าไปที่เว็บ www.google.com คีย์คำว่า "Asset Management definition" google ก็ใจดีเหลือหลายให้มาประมาณ 2,730,000 หน้า แต่มีอันหนึ่งที่น่าสนใจมากคือ Definitions of Asset Management on the Web: ในนั้นจะมีลิ้งค์ให้ประมาณ 9 ลิงค์ และมีลิ้งค์ไป Wikipeadia ด้วยน่าสนใจทีเดียว

General definition

Asset Management: the systematic planning and control of a physical resource throughout its life. This may include the specification, design, and construction of the asset, its operation, maintenance and modification while in use, and its disposal when no longer required. (http://www.plant-maintenance.com/terminology.shtml)

Asset Management: Asset management is the process of managing money for individuals, typically through stocks, bonds and/or cash equivalents. Professional investors manage these assets according to specific stated objectives or investment styles. (http://www.brascancorp.com/AboutBrascan/Glossary-am.html)

Asset Management: Asset Management is a strategic decision-making investment process to enhance productivity and provide alternative solutions for effective utilization of Government assets. Asset management provides a more disciplined approach to cost analysis, a method for analyzing allocation trade-offs between initiatives, tools and information for optimizing returns on investments already made, better and consistent information for reporting to stakeholders like OMB and Congress. (http://knownet.hhs.gov/log/fleetDR/Glossary/definitions.htm)

Asset Management: The process of managing demand and guiding acquisition, use and disposal of assets to make the most of their service delivery potential, and manage risks and costs over their entire life. (http://www.deh.gov.au/parks/best-practice/reports/asset/glossary.html)


Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asset_management) has defined as:

The term Asset Management has many industry specific definitions.
In terms of the urban built environment the practice of Asset Management has become increasingly important as the infrastructure that supports the urban lifestyle ages. This infrastructure includes our water, wastewater, stormwater, electric, gas, and transportation systems. The assets that make up the infrastructure are owned and operated by both public and private institutions where the primary focus has been on constructing new systems to improve the public's standard of living since the late 1800's. As these systems reach the end of their useful life, these public and private organizations are challenged to make the significant investments required to renew their assets if they are to continue to provide the level of service expected amidst population growth and budget constraints. To meet this challenge many organizations are turning to techniques in Asset can be defined as:

Asset Management for long lived urban infrastructure assets: Management to help them offset the costs and manage the renewal effort over time. For these institutions the term 'Asset Management' A business process that utilizes inventory, condition, performance, and criticality information about a system of infrastructure assets to continuously provide the level of service expected by the population served while minimizing costs and risk to public health and welfare.

Most companies regularly hold a certain level of liquid assets, a sizeable portion of which is not needed to be urgently invested or utilized to further company objectives. Companies regularly optimize the returns earned from these assts by plowing them back into other unrelated businesses. This increases earning potential, and reduces risk faced by the company.

"Asset Management (AM) maximizes the performance of fixed, physical or capital assets that have a direct and significant impact on achieving corporate objectives."

The term as used in the financial services industry (Wikipedia)
The term "asset management" is often used by financial services companies to describe the division of their business which runs mutual funds for both individual and institutional investors.

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